Negotiating Democracy and Religious Pluralism: India, Pakistan, and Turkey

Co-written with Karen Barkey and Sudipta Kaviraj, published by Oxford University Press.


  • Revises prevailing understandings of simplistic East-West; Secular-Religious; and Democratic-Authoritarian binaries.
  • Presents a three-way comparison between Turkey, India and Pakistan
  • Applies a unique comparative frame, studying the trajectory of democracy and religious pluralism in societies with long-standing and complicated histories in the Global South

This publication is available on the following site: